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Jul 15

What’s the Difference Between STDs and STIs?

What’s the Difference Between STDs and STIs?

We clear up the confusion.

BY Esther Crain writes: Back in junior high school sex ed class, you probably learned to group conditions such as herpes, chlamydia, and genital warts under the term STD, meaning sexually transmitted disease. But in the past five years or so, these three consonants have increasingly been replaced by STI, which stands for sexually transmitted infection. More and more ob-gyns seem to use the latter term when they discuss conditions like herpes and chlamydia with their patients. And if you’ve Googled the topic lately (no judgment!), you’re probably seeing STI a lot more than you used to.

So what’s the difference—and why do many health experts prefer one term over the other? Technically, there isn’t one—STD and STI mean the exact same thing. But then there are semantics to consider: More experts are starting to prefer STI because they think it carries less of a stigma.

“The word disease implies that a person has a set of distinctive, identifiable symptoms, and most of the time, sexually transmitted infections do not present any symptoms,” says Carolyn Deal, Ph.D., chief of the sexually transmitted diseases branch of the National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. (Despite the branch name, Dean says her colleagues have made the switch to the term STI.)

And when signs do appear, they’re often mild or cause no real problem. That makes the term disease feel off, especially considering that millions of people have or have had one, says Fred Wyand, director of communications at the American Sexual Health Association, which is also making the change over to STI.

Switching the terminology also has to do with removing the association with shame and unseemliness that the letters STD still have. The word diseasehas a stigma, while infection reflects something more benign and less scary, says Deal.

Bottom line: If you stick to the old-school STD, it’s not like your friends, partner, and ob-gyn won’t know what you’re talking about. And a Google search will still turn up accurate info. But now you’ll know why you hear more people using the term STI.

Jul 15

Condoms in Porn (PVM)

Condoms in Porn: It’s Time the Rubber Meets the Road

July 26th, 2015

Follow us on Twitter @PornValleyMedia and @AdultFYI1 Send email to: – There is reason to believe that, come November 2016, California voters will be in a position to radically transform workplace health for performers in the pornographic film industry.

In a statement released last Thursday, the AIDS Healthcare Foundation, one of the leading voices in the movement to introduce mandatory condom use in porn films, indicated that it had collected more than the 366,880 signatures needed to qualify a ballot measure. Los Angeles County passed similar legislation in 2012, “Safer Sex in the Adult Industry Act”, but the current push would extend a measure to the entire state—one of only two states where adult films are legal to produce (the other is New Hampshire).

Although the collection of thousands of signatures is far from a mandate by Californians, is there really substantial reticence to reduce the likelihood of transmission of HIV in a group of people who are at elevated risk because of the nature of their work? Indeed, the friction surrounding the potential legislation comes from porn producers who maintain that viewers are turned off by condoms and the demand for protection-less porn will move production to states without such legislation, which could be a blow to the financial security of the San Fernando Valley–based industry. The critics of the legislation are correct in certain respects. The number of shooting permits in Los Angeles County sharply declined after the enactment of the safer sex measure. And, in some cases, producers have moved production to other states such as Nevada, but with dire negative consequences directly attributable to laxer regulation. In September 2014, for example, at least two adult actors contracted HIV during unprotected sex at film shoots in Nevada. Interestingly, neither California nor Nevada require porn actors to undergo mandatory testing for HIV, although many companies will do their own testing on set. In the event of a confirmed HIV case, shooting is suspended, and public health authorities must then go about identifying and testing scene partners.

Much like the struggles for safe work environments in other inherently physically risky and demanding fields, in the world of porn, there continues to be tension between the financial health of the industry itself, which has been pitted against the health of the workers. It is understandable that porn producers and certain segments of California commerce are dismayed at the potential costs of implementing a common sense measure, but the human cost of pressuring adult film actors to work under conditions that continually make them vulnerable to transmission of a preventable infection is unconscionable. Not only are these workers exposed to greater risk, but a positive status can also render them without a livelihood. Performing without a condom is performing between a rock and a hard place.

The latest development in California’s regulation of the porn industry is well timed with the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention (IAS 2015) taking place July 19–22, 2015 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. It may not be a center stage issue in the global discussion about HIV prevention, nevertheless, the story unfolding in California is a topic that needs to be addressed. As part of the group of sex workers around the world, porn actors tread the line of marginalization and stigma all while being part of big business, estimated as a nearly $100 billion industry ($10-12 billion from the USA alone). The fact remains that allowing the porn industry to call the shots when it comes to basic workplace protection propagates further discrimination of and health risks for its workers. When it comes to satisfying the qualifications of fundamental public health risk reduction for porn actors, it is time that the rubber meets the road.

Jul 15

Looks like Diane Duke Is In Hot Water (

Measure B Fallout: FPPC to Investigate FSC Diane Duke Over Foreign Money in Failed 2012 L.A. Campaign Against Condoms

July 25th, 2015

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Diane Duke

Diane Duke – Safer sex advocates and individuals affiliated with AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF), the primary backer of Measure B, the so-called condoms in porn 2012 ballot measure in Los Angeles County, today cheered the news that California’s Fair Political Practices Commission’s (FPPC) Enforcement Division will be opening an investigation to look into allegations of foreign donations to the adult film industry’s failed 2012 ‘No on Government Waste, No on Measure B’ campaign seeking to block passage of Measure B.

In a July 17, 2015 letter, California’s Fair Political Practices Commission (FPPC) wrote that it’s Enforcement Division will be opening an investigation to look into the Free Speech Coalition’s Diane Duke as treasurer of the ‘No’ campaign as well as Manwin, a Luxembourg-based porn company and its related overseas companies—foreign companies which appear responsible for half of all donations to the industry’s entire ‘No’ campaign which sought to block passage of Measure B. Measure B won by a decisive 57% to 43% margin in the November 2012 election in Los Angeles County.


Measure B, officially known as the County of Los Angeles Safer Sex in the Adult Film Industry Act, requires producers of adult films to obtain a public health permit from the County, follow all health and safety laws, including condom use, and pay a permit fee to cover enforcement costs. Sponsored by five individuals affiliated with AIDS Healthcare Foundation, the initial complaint to the FPPC, filed a few weeks ago, notes that Manwin, a Luxembourg-based porn company and its related overseas affiliates in Luxembourg, Cypress and elsewhere donated as much half of all donations to the entire adult industry’s ‘No’ campaign.

“This investigation by California’s Fair Political Practices Commission of foreign money directed to 2012’s ‘No on B’ campaign is yet another confirmation of the complete lack of credibility that the porn industry has. The industry, its trade group, the Free Speech Coalition and FSC head Diane Duke, are basically cheaters—cheating on performer safety for years as well as what clearly appears to be taking foreign money for their failed political campaign against the condom ballot measure,” said Michael Weinstein, president of AIDS Healthcare Foundation. “Keeping foreign money out of US elections should be an extremely high principle. We were fortunate that L.A. County voters had the good sense to vote ‘Yes’ on Measure B, but under different circumstances, foreign money could tip the balance in a close US election. Do we really want Saudis weighing in on oil policy via a US election? From a cursory look at the required political financial disclosure forms from 2012, we believe that Luxembourg-based Manwin (now MindGeek) and its other overseas entities donated at least half of all monies raised for the porn industry’s failed campaign to block Measure B. We thank the FPPC for opening this investigation.”

Jul 15

Christy Mack Responds To War Machine (

Christy Mack Responds to ‘War Machine’ Letter on HBO’s ‘Real Sports': Lock Him Up for 15 -20 Years [Video]

July 22nd, 2015

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Christy Mack

Christy Mack – Adult film star, Christy Mack has been in recovery for the last year after suffering severe injuries from an alleged attack and rape by her former boyfriend, War Machine (John Koppehaver), which left her hospitalized with a broken nose, missing teeth and a ruptured liver.

War Machine was arrested on Aug. 15, 2014, after a week-long manhunt. The former Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) and Bellator MMA Welterweight is currently awaiting a trial set to begin sometime in October where he will face 32 counts, including two counts of attempted murder.

Mack, 24, spoke publicly for the first time on Tuesday night’s episode of HBO’s “Real Sports” in an episode dubbed, “Outside the Cage,” which took a deeper look at domestic violence involving mixed martial arts (MMA) athletes. Mack had an extremely difficult time recalling the traumatic events of last year’s violent encounter in a sit-down interview with David Scott.


“I couldn’t breathe,” she told Scott as she began to cry, explaining what happened after being kicked by War Machine. “I couldn’t catch my breath. I started convulsing. At that point I felt like I was going to die.”

The South Chicago Heights native testified at a preliminary hearing in January and explained that her convalescence is far from complete.

“I still have a few more surgeries to go through and a lot of healing time,” Mack said. “I don’t have my permanent teeth yet, either. While I have made a tremendous recovery in this amount of time, I think a lot of this is because I want to be better.”

Scott revealed that HBO received a handwritten letter from War Machine, claiming he was a “victim of railroading” and if not for the “media circus” surrounding the alleged attack, he would be facing “two to five years for domestic violence battery not 32 bullshit charges.”

The “Real Sports” correspondent/producer read the rest of the letter to Mack.

“I make an easy villain,” said Scott, reading War Machine’s words from the letter. “I’m outspoken. “I’m a professional fighter. I’m a felon. I have tattoos and my nickname is War Machine. This has turned into a gold mine for her. She’s raised over a $100,000 for her bills, yet she has full coverage and needs no surgery. No one in this story is innocent. We are dealing with a money-making publicity stunt and an irresponsible, overzealous court, and tons of bullshit.”

christy-mack-injuries-twitter-7Mack first gave a response to War Machine’s “goldmine” remark, saying,”I don’t understand how I can be making so much money If I can’t work. I haven’t been able to make public appearances until recently. The money that was raised — a huge portion of it was donated to charities of my choice and funded one of my friends, Joy, who went with me to the “Face Forward” charity event. I flew her out. She now has her own charity, “Empowered and Beautiful,” which I completely funded.”

Mack, who has several tattoos herself, said it’s not War Machine’s appearance nor his former profession as a fighter that are responsible for the charges levied against him. On the contrary, the reason he is currently in jail awaiting a trial that could keep incarcerated for a very long time are his criminal actions.

“As for him being made out to be a villain because he has tattoos and he is a fighter, I have tattoos and I was a porn star,” Mack told Scott. “What makes him more of a villain than me? The point is: He broke the law. That’s what makes him the villain. It’s not his job or his looks, it’s the fact that he did something wrong. As for all the counts, I believe that all the counts are valid or they wouldn’t have stood. His attorney asked for two to five years and, of course, the DA’s office asked me how I felt about it and I told them I was not comfortable with it. There was no way I would feel comfortable with him getting out in five years and not killing me. So, I told them the only way I would feel comfortable with was 15 to 20, so that is what they are standing with.”

The past year has taken a tremendous toll on Mack, who said, “every day a part of me wants to quit.” But, she is determined to see the whole legal process through for a very important reason, which is quite unsettling when you hear her say it.

“Because if he ever gets out he will kill me.”

A “Property of War Machine” tattoo was once displayed on her right shoulder, but Mack had it covered up with a different one. And she now sports a shaved head, which she says is a symbol of rebirth.

“I don’t want to be known as that girl who got her ass beat,” she declared. “That is not what I want to be known as. I want to be the strong beautiful woman that I was before.”